Here is a list with 5 of the rarest diseases to be known today:
1. Stendhal Syndrome: This strange disease causes symptoms of dizziness, rapid heartbeat, confusion and hallucinations to the people who suffer from it whenever they are exposed to large amounts of beautiful art work making thus the visit to a museum or a gallery a bad idea.
2. Congenital insensitivity to pain: People who suffer from this disease do not experience pain at all. It is a neurological disease. The patients especially the children suffering from this need to be under close attendance all the time in order to avoid dying early from simple injuries.
3. Elephantiasis: Lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, is best known from dramatic photos of people with their arms or legs enlarged and swollen. The disease is caused by parasitic worms commonly transmitted by mosquitoes. The Lymphatic filariasis currently affects 120 million people worldwide. Often, the disease’s symptoms do not appear for years.
4. Progeria: This terrible disease is caused by a single defect in the genetic code of a child, but has devastating and life-changing consequences. On average, a child born with this disease dies at the age of 13 years old. The children’s organism and body grows older and older rapidly, experiencing premature baldness , heart disease , thinning bones and arthritis. Progeria is extremely rare, there are only about 48 people living with this disease.
5. Syndrome of Alice in Wonderland: This disease, clinically known as micropsia, is a neurological condition that affects the way someone sees, perceives and feels the things around him as well as parts of his body. Patients report to looking at people in the size of a mouse or a tower and suffer under a completely distorted view of the world. Lewis Carrol’s famous fairy tale is supposed to be inspired from this illness and some people even assume that the writer himself was a patient.